Singapore Company Constitution

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A company constitution in Singapore defines the rules by which a company must operate. It outlines the scope of the company’s activities, its legal name, and the procedures by which its members will interact and conduct business. It also specifies the rights and privileges of the company and those of its members and officers. By law, the company must - at all times - act in accordance with its constitution. Therefore, the preparation of an appropriate constitution is an important task before you incorporate a company.

In Singapore, a company must adopt a constitution at the time of its incorporation. If required, a company constitution can be changed at a later date by following the appropriate procedure. Although Singapore Companies Act does not prescribe the rules that must be included in a constitution, any provisions in the company’s constitution that are contrary to or violate the regulations as set forth in the Companies Act are not enforceable.

This article will discuss the constitution of the company, its contents, and the main provisions of the Company Law pertaining to the constitution.

What is the Company Constitution?

A company’s constitution in Singapore means a legal document that regulates the activities of the company. It outlines rules and procedures to govern the company; every company must ensure that the execution of its business is in consonance with its constitution. The constitution is the first document a proposed company submits to the Registrar, on the basis of which a company is incorporated.
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What is the Memorandum of Association and Articles of Association (M&AA)?

Prior to the Companies (Amendment) Act 2014, two different documents namely Memorandum of Association and Articles of Association (M&AA) were required that together served this function. As part of the Amendment 2014, these two documents have been merged into a single document called the company constitution.

According to the Singapore Companies Act, the constitution of a company is legally defined as:

  1. The constitution that a company registers with the Registrar, or
  2. In the case of companies existing before the 2014 Amendment to the Companies Act, the Memorandum and Articles of Association (M&AA) of the company were in force immediately before the amendment date.

The constitution of the firm states the name of the company, the type of business it will carry, the liability of its members, and the capital amount of the company. The company constitution also outlines the main purpose of the company, the responsibilities and rights of the directors, and how a company must operate. A company has to abide by all the rules set out in the constitution.

Contents of a Singapore Company Constitution

Except for some mandatory sections, the Companies Act Singapore does not specify what specifically should be the contents of a company’s constitution. But for the most part, the constitution will contain various rules regarding the internal management of the company including shareholders’ rights, the conduct of shareholders’, share transfer rules, appointment and powers of directors, and directors’ meetings.

The Companies Act specifies the following to be the mandatory sections of the company’s constitution in Singapore:

1. Name Clause

This clause specifies the name of the Singapore company as approved by the company registrar - ACRA. The company will use this name at all times when executing its business as well as in official documents. The company has to follow various guidelines when selecting the name of a company.

2. Registered Office Clause

This clause specifies the location of the registered office of the company. The company keeps records such as statutory registers, minutes, etc at its registered office.

3. Liability Clause

The company has to state the extent of the liability of its members as a part of the constitution. This clarifies the position of members and their liability in case of dissolution of the company.

4. Capital Clause

This clause contains the share capital amount of the company and the division of the share capital into shares of a fixed value.

5. Subscriber Clause

This clause should state:

  • The subscribers to the constitution and the full name, address, and occupation of each subscriber.
  • The number of shares that each subscriber agrees to take in the company’s capital.

6. Rules

Besides the mandatory clauses of the constitution as listed above, a typical constitution will also list various rules on the basis of which the company will run. These rules will govern the important decisions a company makes on a day-to-day basis. This part of the constitution is a rulebook for the company. The company can frame this part of the constitution at its own discretion. The rules usually cover the following areas:

Drafting a Company Constitution

A person who wishes to set up a new company has to first draft the constitution. There are three main options for Singapore company to draft a constitution:

  1. Opt for a Model Constitution;
  2. Prepare a draft constitution for itself as per its business requirements; or

Contact a professional corporate service provider for assistance in drafting a constitution.

Model Constitution ACRA

A company can opt for a model constitution provided by the Singapore company registrar - Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority (ACRA). You can use this Model Constitution provided by the company registrar ACRA.

Download Company Constitution Sample Singapore

How to Draft a Company Constitution in Singapore?

The constitution is the main operating document of a company and any provisions which a company fails to include in its constitution could lead to ambiguities and difficulties later. Drafting the constitution in line with the Company Law and the main object of the business is of utmost importance.

Remember these things when drafting the company constitution:

  • The constitution must contain a legal statement signed by the subscribers agreeing to form the company
  • Keep the business objective and purpose in mind while framing the rules for operating the company.

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Adoption of Company Constitution in Singapore

The company constitution is adopted at the time of forming the company. This is a required document that must be submitted at the time of company registration. A person named either as a director or a secretary in the constitution of the proposed company must make a declaration to the Registrar stating that he or she has verified the identity of the subscribers as well as the persons who are to act as the officers of the proposed company.

The Registrar can refuse the registration of a proposed company’s constitution if:

  • The company is setting up business activities that will be considered unlawful or that will disrupt the public peace and welfare in Singapore; or
  • The registration is contrary to the national security as well as the interest of Singapore.

The company has to keep its constitution at its registered office. Each subscriber to the constitution must sign it and state the number of shares that he or she has agreed to take.

The constitution of the firm is open to inspection at the registered office of the company. A company can send a copy of the constitution to a member if so requested, on the payment of $5 or lesser amount as fixed by the company’s directors.

Note that every company has to comply with these provisions of the Company Law. In case of a violation, the company will be guilty of an offense and fined accordingly.

Binding Effects of Company Constitution Adoption

The firm constitution automatically creates a contract between the company and its members and among the members themselves. The Companies Act Singapore states:

“Subject to this Act, the constitution of a company shall when registered bind the company and the members thereof to the same extent as if it respectively had been signed and sealed by each member and contained covenants on the part of each member to observe all the provisions of the constitution”


The constitution of the firm will not have any binding contract between the company and outsiders.

Making Changes in Constitution of Company

A company can change its company constitution by means of a special resolution. The alteration will be a part of the original constitution from the date of passing of the special resolution. The company has to submit a notice of the resolution or any court order that affects the constitution within a period of 14 days of such resolution or order to the Registrar. The Registrar issues a notice and certificate of incorporation which stands as a confirmation of the change to the company constitution.


The company constitution in Singapore defines the scope of the activities that the company carries out. The constitution is a prerequisite for a company before its incorporation. Since it is one of the most important documents, the company must take great care while drafting it. If you need assistance with drafting a Singapore company constitution, contact us, and we will be happy to help. will ensure that your company constitution complies with Singapore's Companies Act and other relevant laws and regulations.

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